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The Ultimate Taiwan Food Guide

hot pot

Updated: Apr 30th, 2024

Born and raised in Taiwan, I absolutely love Taiwanese food. Taiwanese cuisine consists of a wide range of flavors and sometimes more complexity than Western foods I think! Through my Taiwan Food Guide, you’ll get a better understanding of the different types of cuisine you can find when traveling in Taiwan, how to research restaurants in Taiwan (there’s no Yelp!) and what foods to try.

Taiwan night market food guide
Streets of Taiwan are filled with food options

3 Categories of Taiwanese Food

Chinese Food

Since part of the Taiwanese population originated from China, much of Taiwanese cuisine takes inspiration from Chinese regions. The food resembles flavors from the Fujian province the most as that’s where a big portion of the Chinese in Taiwan emigrated from.

Dishes are typically served family style, and best eaten with a group of four or more people. Some of my favorite dishes in this category are: braised pork belly, bitter gourd with salted egg, and water spinach.

Xiǎo Chī or “Small Eats”

Taiwan small eats
Egg Custard Dessert w/ Avocado Sauce

Xiǎo chī literally means small eats when translated into English and is probably what Taiwan is most known for. These are small dishes that are often served at night markets and can be anything from shaved ice to pork blood rice cake.

Taiwan’s food industry is so competitive that it means a lot to own a small food cart and be able to survive more than a year making profits. I’m a big snacker so I love visiting night markets. I usually get one to two things from each stand and visit about 3-4 stands in one night. This is one of the most unique parts about the food scene in Taiwan and my favorite part of this food guide.

There are also restaurants that specialize in traditional Chinese cuisine served in smaller portions and at a pretty good price point (as low as $3 USD per plate!)

Foreign Cuisine with a Taiwanese Twist

Japanese pork cutlet Taiwan restaurant
Japanese Pork Cutlet served at a restaurant in Taichung

In Taiwan’s largest cities and especially in Taipei, you’ll notice an abundance of foreign restaurants. There’s Japanese, Australian, Italian, German and American…You name the type of cuisine, and there’s probably a restaurant that serves it.

Taiwan was once under Japanese rule, and perhaps the silver lining from that dark period is the abundance of Japanese cuisine that now fills its streets.

Rose House Instagram

One of my absolutely favorite places to visit are afternoon tea spots. Although high tea originated from England, Taiwan has really made it its own. Rose House is one of my favorite places in Taichung and is super Instagram friendly!

How to Research Restaurants in Taiwan

Do Research on Facebook and Instagram

In an era where Instagram and TikTok dominate, you probably think the days of Facebook are over. That’s not quite the case in Taiwan.

Many restaurants, shops, and other types of businesses have a presence on Facebook, and that’s often the best place to find out more about them. Restaurants will also sometimes offer a discount in return for you checking in to their social media page.

Instagram is a good place to do research too. I usually type in a city or district’s name in Instagram and see what restaurants people may have tagged recently. Sometimes this will also lead me to food bloggers with unique suggestions.

Do Research on Blogs

Like you’re doing now! Blogs are a great resource for finding food spots in Taiwan. In fact, I don’t think I ever go to Taiwan without researching Taiwan food guides online.

Go to a Night Market

One of my favorite things to do when visiting Taiwan is going to a night market. There’s food, games, and shops. You can walk around as you eat and try all kinds of cuisines. Things are typically pretty affordable too.

If you’ll be staying in Taipei during your Taiwan trip, Shilin Night Market is a must. Hualien also has Dongdamen Night Market. It’s a great place to stop along the east coast of Taiwan.

What to Eat in Taiwan

Now onto the actual cuisines you should try while in Taiwan.

Beef Noodle Soup

When people ask me what Taiwanese food is, beef noodle soup is usually the first thing that comes to mind. A flavorful beef broth, chewy noodles, big chunks of beef, and sauerkraut are some of the things that characterize the famous dish.

Beef noodle soup restaurants are all over Taiwan, but it’s the ones that have been around for decades and are tucked away in small alleyways that are the best.

Soy Milk and Fried Bread Sticks (yóu tiáo)

There’s a Taiwanese song called “soy milk and fried bread sticks” that’s used to describe two people’s love as “a match made in heaven.” That’s how perfect of a match soy milk and fried bread sticks are.

There’s savory soy milk and sweet soy milk. The sweet kind is what you’re probably used to – soy beans pressed into liquid form – whereas savory soy milk is more like a soybean soup with other ingredients added in.

Yóu tiáo is an airy, deep fried bread that pairs perfectly with soy milk’s consistency, sweet or savory. Taiwanese people often eat soy milk and fried bread sticks for breakfast.

Pearl Milk Tea

Chun Shui Tang Pearl Milk Tea
Boba from Chun Shui Tang

Taiwan’s streets are filled with pearl milk tea (aka. boba or bubble tea) shops.

To get a taste for what the original pearl milk tea tastes like, visit Chun Shui Tang 春水堂. Not only did they create the first bubble tea, they also serve a lot of traditional Taiwanese small eats.

Soup Dumplings from Din Tai Fung (鼎泰豐)

Din Tai Fung crab soup dumplings
Crab and Pork Soup Dumplings from Din Tai Fung

Din Tai Fung is a popular Michelin restaurant. They make the best Xiaolongbao’s in town.

Even if you’ve been to the restaurant elsewhere, you still have to try the one in Taiwan. I swear the ingredients and flavors are noticeably better.

Aside from their soup dumplings, I also like getting their fried rice and chicken soup. I’m getting hungry just thinking about it.

Stinky Tofu

Stinky tofu is as exotic as the foods in this Taiwanese food guide get. The fermented tofu can either come fried or come boiled in soup. I personally like the fried version more, but you should try both.

Regardless of which one you try, the tofu’s flavor will definitely take some getting used to. It’s an acquired taste.

Hot Pot at Tripod King (鼎王)

Taiwan food guide hot pot
Hot Pot

Much like barbecuing, hot pot allows you to cook your own meal and eat until you can’t stuff any more into your stomach.

The meal is served in a large pot that sits on top of a stove that’s either portable or built into the table at the restaurant. You typically order raw meats, veggies, and any other ingredients you want in your hot pot, then cook them in the broth of your choice throughout the meal.

You can customize everything from the soup base, meats, veggies to the side dip. I recommend ordering ingredients that are local to Taiwan, things like taro, pork blood, fried bread sticks etc.

Taro Balls

Taro root is very common in Taiwan. Taro balls are a glutinous treat made from taro roots and starch that’s very chewy and always satisfies my sweet tooth.

Almost everywhere throughout the country, you can find dessert shops that serve taro balls with other ingredients like red bean, jelly grass, and peanuts.

Night Markets

Night markets are a great place to get a taste of a broad range of Taiwanese eats. They’re also filled with fun activities that are guaranteed to keep you entertained.

Shilin Night Market or Raohe are among the bigger night markets in Taipei with more variety across eats, shopping, and games. Both are good options if you want to try a lot of different foods and activities. For a more chill and local vibe, I recommend Ningxia Night Market.

Eater has a full guide on the things to eat at Raohe Night Market.

Final Note on the Taiwan Food Guide

There is so much good food in Taiwan that I’ve just scratched the surface with this food guide.

If you’re more conservative, I’d say all of the above are safe choices except maybe stinky tofu and some of the ingredients I recommended adding to your hot pot.

If you’re on the adventurous side, order the ingredients that are local to Taiwan and visit a night market to pick and choose whatever draws your attention.

Since night markets consist of mostly food in the small eats category, it’s the perfect place for sampling all kinds of flavors local to Taiwan!

Pin this guide for later!

Taiwan food guide Viv the Wanderer

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